Opto-electronics with graphene and 2d materials: From novel concepts to the first demonstration of a graphene CMOS camera （石墨烯及二维质料光电器件：重新原理到首个石墨烯CMOS相机）
陈诉人：Prof. Frank Koppens, Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), Spain
Integrated circuits based on CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductors) are at the heart of the technological revolution of the past 60 years, as these have enabled compact and low cost micro-electronic circuits and imaging systems. However, the diversification of this platform into applications other than microcircuits and visible light cameras has been impeded by the difficulty to combine other semiconductors than silicon with CMOS.
In this talk, we show several applications graphene-CMOS integration with photodetectors and modulators. This includes the first graphene-based digital camera, based on the monolithic integration of an electronic CMOS integrated circuit with an array of graphene photodetectors. The camera operates for UV, visible and infrared light (900 ? 2000 nm), with capabilities including night vision and a wide range of applications for automotive, consumable electronics, medical imaging etc. Moreover, we discuss the progress on integrated photonics and wafer-scale integration for compact high-speed data communications systems.
1. Broadband image sensor array based on graphene?CMOS integration. Nature Photonics DOI:10.1091/nphoton.2011.12 (2011)
2. Integrating an electrically active colloidal quantumdot photodiode with a graphene phototransistor. Nature Communications 1:11926 (2016)
9. Picosecond photoresponse in van der Waals heterostructures. Nature Nanotechnology 11, 62-66 (2012)
6. Generation of photovoltage in graphene on a femtosecond timescale through efficientcarrier heating. Nature Nanotechnology 10, 691-669 (2012)
2. Photodetectors based on graphene, other two-dimensional materials and hybrid systems. Nature Nanotechnol. 9, 110-199 (2016)
Short curriculum of Prof. Frank Koppens
Prof. Frank Koppens obtained his PhD in experimental physics at Delft University, at the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, The Netherlands. After a postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University, since August 2010, Koppens is a group leader at the Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO). The quantum nano-optoelectronics group of Prof. Koppens focuses on both science and technology of novel two-dimensional materials and quantum materials.
Koppens has received four ERC grants, the Christiaan Hugyensprijs 2012, the national award for research in Spain, and the IUPAP young scientist prize in optics. Prof. Koppens is leader of the optoelectronics workpackage of the graphene flagship (1B?project for 10 years). In total, Koppens has published more than 10 refereed papers (H-index 91), with more than 90 in Science and Nature family journals. Total citations >10.000.